Malaria is found throughout much of Southern Africa: Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia – north of Swakopmund, Mozambique, South Africa (Kruger Park and surrounds, northern Kwa-Zulu Natal, for example). Malaria transmission is at its highest during the warmer and wetter months of November to April. The species of mosquito which is the vector for malarial transmission is only active in the early evening and throughout the night, at the times when you are usually sleeping or sitting around the campfire. The best prevention is to avoid being bitten – therefore a mosquito repellent is recommended. We also suggest that you wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers in the evening. Socks and shoes are also a good idea to stop your ankles being bitten. In terms of medication to prevent Malaria – please consult your Doctor or local Travel Clinic for the most up to date information.
It is very important that you drink plenty of water especially during, but not restricted to, the warmer months (October – April). It is generally recommended that guests drink at least 2 to 3 litres (4 to 6 pints) of water per day to limit the effects of dehydration. This excludes tea, coffee and alcoholic beverages (the latter can act as diuretics and can actually contribute to dehydration). Generally, water throughout Southern Africa is safe to drink directly from the tap. However, bottled water is readily available, so please do not allow yourself to become dehydrated.